John Enloe is an accomplished Senior Executive, President, CEO, Board Member, Entrepreneur and Consultant. He has more than 25 years of experience in oil and gas exploration and production, renewable and fossil fired electric power generation and natural gas transportation and distribution.
He is currently leading efforts for several large-scale renewable and non-renewable energy projects in the US, Central and South America.
For some time now, the aging workforce has been a big concern across the energy sector. What are Renewable Energy companies doing now to futureproof their talent pipeline?
In many cases, companies are happy to let more experienced (and therefore more expensive) talent leave the company in favour of younger less expensive employees. Some companies have addressed the problem of insufficient supply of young talent by hiring the retiree’s back as consults on a project by project basis. If we are honest with ourselves, there are many people that have built careers in the large regulated utilities, and although they may be technically sound enough for the new renewable business model, they may not be prepared for the highly competitive nature and profile of deregulated renewables, such as solar and wind.
Another issue related to retaining more experienced employees revolves around motivation to keep working hard. If you have had a career where you are moving up the ladder and heavily involved with management and strategic direction, it is easy to stay motivated. If the employee finds him or herself in an individual contributor role it can be harder to stay motivated. Studies (such as this one from the IES and Centre for Ageing Better) have shown that older, more experienced employees, need to be recognized and appreciated for their contributions. This becomes more important to them than money and promotions. However, most organizations are focused on their rising stars and not those who have been there day in and day out providing a firm foundation to the company. A lesson that all managers can learn is to show appreciation to all your employees for their contributions, especially the older ones.
And what's being done to improve diversity?
It’s no secret that historically, the energy sector has been dominated by men. For many years now, industries including the energy sector, have been trying to create more diversity in the workforce. Not just bringing in more women, but minorities also. When I was at Duke Energy in the early 2000’s, Duke hired an external firm to study the makeup of the company and help it get more diverse. Duke, like many energy companies, require a great number of employees with very technical skills. What we found in the US was that most highly technical degrees were pursued by men. If you need an engineer, a chemist, a geologist, or someone to do complex business models you need someone with the proper education in those areas. Women, in the past, pursued degrees in accounting, law, human resources, marketing and other softer skills. Obviously, I am speaking in generalities. I have worked with many women who have pursued technical degrees. However, even more recent research suggests that women in the US are less likely to choose math and science professions.
To encourage more diversity in the workforce, more women and minorities need to be exposed at an earlier age to and gain interest in career paths that will put them into these types of technical roles. They can then get the appropriate training, either through university studies or trade schools, to prepare them for the paths they choose. Today’s modern company understands the benefits of having diversity, but to be successful they must have large diverse pools of talent to choose from.
Do you think energy companies are doing enough to inspire diverse groups of people to want to pursure a career in this industry?
Many companies are making big efforts to make women and minorities aware of these opportunities through career days and recruiting efforts. Large corporations have policies promoting diversity and spend a great deal of time, effort and money looking to satisfy their diversity needs internally or through external hires. However, many smaller corporations do not have the budget to go out and proactively promote diversity, nor the training budget to help change perceptions around diversity internally. In many cases, I’ve seen that they instead recruit talent from the larger companies as a way to improve their diversity.
As you mentioned, many of the roles we recruit for in this industry are very technical, but how important are 'soft skills'?
Let’s face it, it is often the soft skills that determines whether-or-not you get the job. Usually, technical competence can be determined very quickly through the interview process. However, emotional intelligence is much harder to determine in just a couple of interviews. For more senior levels jobs, where emotional intelligence is perhaps more of a necessity, then personality testing can be performed.
Additionally, soft skills are usually what sets apart one employee from his or her peers at promotion and raise time. Both individuals and companies should realize that soft skills are extremely important in helping one perform their job. How you communicate with and react to others is a critical skill. Employees, as well as companies, should focus on improving soft skills, especially “self-awareness.” Know yourself, then you will have a better idea of how others perceive you. Work on your weaknesses and don’t be complacent about it.
The pace of innovation is remarkable right now! With this in mind, what are you most excited about when it comes to renewables and reusable energy?
There are two key things which I’m excited about right now:
- The cost of renewables is coming down. In the past, the cost of constructing renewables on a Kilowatt basis was much higher than fossil fuel plants. Although still higher than a natural gas plant, renewables are getting closer in cost all the time. That means from a purely cost perspective, renewables will become more competitive and, in some cases, a preferable option. So, our continued research and use of renewables will only serve to produce more cost-effective renewable solutions in the future.
- We are finding a better balance between renewables and fossil fuel energy sources. Companies are gaining a clearer understanding of how renewables fit into the energy scheme along with fossil fired plants. Remember, a fossil fuelled plant (natural gas or fuel oil) can be built anywhere, take up very little space and can operate with minimal emissions. (Coal, another fossil fuel, can be operated on a low emission basis, but to do so is extremely expensive.) Renewables, whether it be solar, wind, or hydro’s can only be built and operated where ideal conditions exist and even then, on a part-time basis. Solar only works in areas with high solar irradiation factors, wind only works where there is enough wind density and hydro’s only work when there is water in the lake or river behind it. Thus, there must be a balance. We need clean fossil fuel plants to back up and provide stability to the system when renewables are not available. The energy industry has made great strides in seeking the balance, which is hugely positive for the future of our energy sources.
About the author
Recruitment Manager, Hydrogen Group
Gareth has over 10 years of experience working in Recruitment and HR with multinational companies. For six years, Gareth has worked in the Energy sector in North America, supporting his clients with strategic recruitment delivery across both the upstream and midstream sectors, for operators and EPC / service companies on offshore and onshore projects.